Local Weather Forecast for Yuma, Arizona.
|Today||96°||8%||Sunny||0%||13 G 17|
|Saturday Night||74°||37%||Mostly Clear||0%||2|
|Sunday Night||72°||51%||Mostly Clear||0%||5|
|Monday Night||74°||48%||Mostly Clear||0%||2|
|Tuesday Night||73°||56%||Mostly Clear||0%||2|
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Interesting Reading for Military Surplus in Yuma, Arizona
The area's first settlers were Native Americans in the United States|Native American tribes whose descendants now occupy the Cocopah and Quechan Indian reservation|reservations. In 1540, expeditions under Hernando de Alarcon and Melchior Diaz visited the area and immediately saw the natural crossing of the Colorado River as an ideal spot for a city, as the Colorado River narrows to slightly under 1,000 feet wide in one small point. Later military expeditions that crossed the Colorado River at the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area|Yuma Crossing include Juan Bautista de Anza (1774), the Mormon Battalion (1848) and the California Column (1862).
Following the establishment of Fort Yuma, a town sprang up on the New Mexico Territory (now Arizona) side of the Colorado. The townsite was duly registered in San Diego, demonstrating that both banks of the Colorado River just below its confluence with the Gila River|Gila were recognized as being within the jurisdiction of California. The county of San Diego collected taxes from there for many years.
The town, initially called '''Colorado City''', was renamed '''Arizona City''' in 1858. The city was almost completely destroyed by the Great Flood of 1862 and had to be rebuilt on higher ground. [Thomas Edwin Farish, History of Arizona, Volume I. The Filmer Brothers Electrotype Company, San Francisco, 1915. pp. 252-253] It took the name Yuma in 1873.
From the 1850s to the 1870s, the Yuma Crossing was known for its ferry crossing. From 1852 it was the major steamboat stop on the way up and down the Colorado River. The steamboats transported passengers and equipment for the various mines and military outposts along the Colorado and was the terminus of wagon traffic up the Gila River into New Mexico Territory. They offloaded the cargo from ships at the mouth of the Colorado River at Robinson's Landing and from 1864 at Port Isabel, Sonora|Port Isabel. From 1864, the Yuma Quartermaster Depot, today a state historic park, supplied all forts in present-day Arizona, as well as large parts of Colorado and New Mexico. Yuma served as the gateway to the new Republic (later State) of California, as it was one of the few natural spots where travelers could cross the otherwise very wide Colorado River. After Arizona became a separate territory, Yuma became the county seat for the area in 1864.
The Southern Pacific Railroad bridged the river in 1877, and acquired George Alonzo Johnson's Colorado Steam Navigation Company, the only steamboat company on the river. Yuma became the head of navigation on the river, ending the need for Port Isabel, which was abandoned in 1879.
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